When you study your face in front of the mirror, you might stumble upon tiny little black dots or white bumps. Well, don’t be horrified. They are nothing but blackheads and whiteheads. And, this means they are nothing but clogged pores. They can be treated, but nonetheless, they might make regular appearances.
Also known as open comedones, blackheads are quite common. Due to the clogging of sebum, keratin, and dead skin cells, blackheads start emerging. They look like tiny black dots and they are usually found near the nose or below the lower lip. Getting regular medi-facials can help you get rid of them.
Also known as closed comedones, they are filled with the same substances as blackheads. However, the difference here is that in whiteheads the top of the pore is clogged. Hence, they appear as white bumps.
What causes Blackheads and Whiteheads?
- Hormones- DHT or Dihydrotestosterone is a hormone that produces too much oil glands and skin pores are likely to get clogged if your body is producing too much oil.
- Sleeping with makeup on- There are palpable chances that you will have clogged pores if you go to sleep with makeup on as doing so will prevent the renewal process, causing damage to the skin. So, make sure to remove makeup before going to bed.
- Sweat- Excessive sweating can clog up the pores. The problem can be amplified if you have makeup on while sweating.
- Coffee and alcohol- Alcohol reduces the size of your skin pores and coffee can stimulate the oil glands of your skin. Smoking also damages the surface of the skin causing blocked pores and dead cells.
- Medicine- Medicines that are rich in steroids, testosterone, estrogen and phenytoin can cause many skin problems including blackheads.
How to spot blackheads and whiteheads?
Spotting these pesky bumps are fairly easy. Blackheads appear as tiny little black dots and white heads look like small white bumps.
What is the treatment for Blackheads and Whiteheads?
While there are several home remedies as mentioned below, getting regular medi-facials helps minimise the appearance of pores and eliminate blackheads & whiteheads from the root.
Home remedies can help prevent blackheads but not whiteheads. Some home remedies include:
- Keep your skin clean- Blackheads are caused due to debris (pollutants, dirt, dead skin cells and sweat) that collects on the surface of your skin. Keep your skin clean and properly exfoliated to avoid clogged pores, which leads to blemishes and acne.
- Don’t pick- It may be tempting, but don’t ever try to remove blackheads with your finger as your hands are dirty and the content of pores will spread, which can lead to scarring and skin infections. Rather, put a warm compress on the affected area at night followed by a spot treatment. The compress will help soften the skin and open the pores.
- Exfoliate regularly- Use a gentle exfoliator many times a week to help remove stubborn dead skin cells that cleansing and rinsing might have missed. Avoid exfoliation if you have dry skin.
- Wash your personal items- Your phone touches your face a lot. So, be sure to wash it once a day to prevent the spread of bacteria.
- Don’t over scrub- Over scrubbing can aggravate your problem and your acne will sheen more clearly than ever. Use a mild exfoliator to gently remove dead skin cells, but never ever rub the skin to deal with blackheads.
- Steam- Steaming your face is another effective method to open skin pores and softening the sebum plugs. Lower your face on top of steam that is coming out of the water, you may add lemon or any herb to get a comforting feel. Your skin will feel soft and smooth after 10 minutes.
- Remove makeup before you sleep- Makeup contains talc and titanium dioxide powder that can clog pores, so make sure to remove it before going to bed.
- Diet- Increase your intake of vitamins A, C, and E in your diet. Thus, eat green leafy vegetables, asparagus, sweet potato, carrot, papaya, strawberries, and oranges.
- Stay hydrated- Drink 7-8 glasses of water every day to keep your skin soft and smooth naturally. Avoid excessive coffee consumption as it can dehydrate the body. While home remedies can help prevent minor blackheads, for a long-term solution, we recommend taking regular medi-facials which can help minimise pores and reduce blackheads as well as whiteheads.
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